Pakistan needs skilled workforce so that industry and overall businesses are capable of competing in the regional as well as international markets in terms of competitiveness, productivity and efficiency. Discussions on the organisational aspect of TVET in Pakistan have been influenced by the performance and capacity of TVET planning and delivery The Government of Pakistan (GoP) has reflected in the National Skills Strategy (NSS) of 2009 the three main objectives: providing relevant skills for industrial and economic development; improving access, equity and employability; and assuring quality to address the major issues confronting the technical and vocational education and training (TVET) system.
The National TVET policy launched in 2015 also outlines various measures to achieve these objectives. The estimated demand for training of the new labour market entrants alone is 2.4 million per year as of 2016. However, the current capacity of delivering training is only about 17% of what is needed. Improved governance and reforms in this sector will help mitigating the challenge of providing demand driven workforce for the economic growth. The National TVET Policy outlines a plan of action around which Government, employers, workers, young people and their parents can work in collaboration.
With the reforms in TVET sector, a noticeable improvement has been achieved since 2011 to reduce fragmentation and clarifying the roles and responsibilities between the federal and provincial bodies, capacity development of the provincial/regional TVET authorities, establishment of TEVTAs in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) and Baluchistan as well as further the establishment of a TVET Directorate in GB.
The second phase of TVET Reform Support Programme, launched in 2017, supports; Implementation of the National TVET Policy at federal and provincial level in the following key aspects
- Setting out a long term vision best suited for the smooth running of efficient TVET system
- Continued accelerated reform of the public sector for the implementation of NSS
- Promote cooperation between public and private sector
- Strengthening quality assurance and monitoring mechanisms through the creation of a NVQF
- Accreditation of TVET institutes
- Strengthening of National Skills Information System for better employment opportunities