A qualified teacher is one of the prerequisites of laying a solid foundation for an effective technical and vocational education and training (TVET) system.To provide the TVET system with qualified teachers, for the first-time in Pakistan, the TVET Reform Support Programme facilitated the introduction of a post-graduate study Programme-B.Ed in Technical Education- in 2014. This programme was launched jointly by the University of the Punjab, the Virtual University of Pakistan and the German Technical University of Kaiserslautern.
The post graduate study programme focused on training of TVET teachers in technical fields of:
- Mechanical Engineering / Technology
- Electrical Engineering / Technology
- IT and Computer Science.
The entry requirement for the students was a degree in one of these subjects.The study programme was a comprehensive and competency-based academic programme with the duration of one year. Total 85 students graduated from the University of the Punjab in November 2015.
Replication at the University of Karachi
The programme has been replicated as evening programme “Post-Graduate Diploma” at Faculty of Education, University of Karachi. The programme started with 25 students in February 2016 in close cooperation with the Sindh Technical Education & Vocational Training Authority(S-TEVTA) in Karachi.
The main features of this study programme are:
Introduction to modern concepts and teaching methods
The prospective teachers receive a sound introduction to the pedagogical concepts, teaching methods and assessment approaches.
Hands-on experience in their teaching fields (internship at companies)
Students will work for a certain time (minimum 6 weeks) at companies to get apprised with the work environment of their professional teaching subject.This helps the students to have first-hand information about the world of work.
Practical training in TVET institutions (internship at a training provider)
The practical training enables the students to practice and test what they have learned and therefore practical teaching experience at a TVET training institute forms an integral part of the study programme.
Guided self-learning phases
Finally, an IT based knowledge driven environment enables future TVET teacher to collect information from the internet, to screen websites for information, and to communicate using different web applications. Therefore, the use of a virtual learning environment provides the student a chance to practice the competency of self learning and information screening.Through this process, the students are guided by the lecturers and this help them in exchanging information besides delivering required assignments.
The innovative and new feature is the combination of all these aspects which in the end resulted in creating a “new generation of TVET teachers” in Pakistan.